Hello soilless gardening, hello painless, eco-friendly gardening!
Hydroponics relies on water and nutrients for plant growth, minus soil and don’t doubt it, the end result is even better. The growth rate of plants is faster, plant yield is higher, and not forgetting the obvious fact that the system is eco-friendly. But you know all that already which is probably why your search led you to this page. You want to partake in the exciting world of hydroponics, but you know very little about it. Let us take you through the amazing process of painless, soilless farming.
Know what your plant needs for growth
You are probably wondering why we should discuss this, right? You need to know what to feed your plants to ensure their proper growth and survival and be able to solve any problem that may arise in the process. Remember that you are removing the soil which is the main provider of nutrients for the plants. You are taking over the function of the soil, so to say, taking control of your indoor growing environment.
Plants, like most other living things are made up of organic matters comprising basically of nitrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon. For their growth however, plants essentially require light for photosynthesis, carbon dioxide for breathing, water for transportation and biochemical reactions, oxygen as a by-product of their breathing and of course nutrients for nourishment and growth.
A hydroponic solution, which can easily be purchased at hydroponic supply shops, contains the required nutrients hitherto obtainable from soil. They come in liquid and powdered form and provides the nutrients your plants need for survival and growth.
Select Your Hydroponic Growth Media
The absence of soil in hydroponics means you need a good medium to hold your plant in. The medium should be able to support plant roots and sustain good oxygen to water ratio. The medium is dependent on the type of hydroponics system you intend using. There are various media that can be used for indoor cultivation. These two are most suitable for beginners –
- Coconut coir which is a rich and fungus free medium made from coconut husk. With its balanced water to air ratio, it aids seed germination and production of strong seedling.
- Expanded clay pellets which are made from heated clay has the advantage of being reusable, Ph neutral and good for drainage.
Other media include Perlite, starter plug, Rockwool, gravel, rice hulls, wood fiber, pumice, growstones, oasis cubes and so forth.
You can read more on hydroponics growth media.
Lighting for Hydroponics
A good light source is a sine qua non for indoor hydroponics cultivation. Visit a hydroponics shop where you can get a good starter pack that will contain all the lighting equipment you need to start your indoor garden.
Note that the type of plants you want to grow and the available indoor space will determine the type and strength of indoor growing lighting you will use. If you want in depth material, read up more on lighting.
Hydroponics gardening is the rave in the world of agriculture. Its numerous advantages make it a viable means of cultivating plants, whether for commercial or personal purposes. The easy DIY starter packs is a bonus to the beginner. Get on to this exciting world of soilless farming and have fun while at it.